Eurythmics (often incorrectly referred to as The Eurythmics) is a British musical duo, formed in 1980 by Annie Lennox and Dave Stewart.
The pair have achieved significant global, commercial and critical success, selling 80 million records worldwide, winning numerous awards, and have undertaken several successful world tours. They are noted for their intelligent pop songs, which showcase Lennox’s powerful and expressive alto voice, and Stewart’s innovative production techniques. They are also acclaimed for their promotional videos and visual presentation.
The pair had first worked together in the mid-1970s. During this time, they were also romantic partners. The Tourists, the band they were in, achieved modest commercial success, but the experience was reportedly an unhappy one.
Personal and musical tensions existed within the group, whose main songwriter was Peet Coombes, the band often received very negative critical press in the UK, and there were legal wranglings with the band’s management, publishers and record labels. Lennox and Stewart felt the fixed band line-up was not a good vehicle to explore their experimental creative leanings.
Lennox and Stewart decided their next project should be much more flexible and free from artistic compromise. They were interested in creating ‘pop music’, but wanted freedom to experiment with electronics and the avant-garde as well. Calling themselves “Eurythmics” after a dance technique (Eurythmy; see also Eurhythmics) Lennox had encountered as a child at her school, they decided to keep themselves as the only permanent members and songwriters, and involve others in the collaboration as they saw fit “on the basis of mutual compatibility and availability”. RCA Records decided to retain the pair from their Tourists recording contract. Wanting to concentrate on their musical relationship, Lennox and Stewart decided to discontinue their romantic liaison in 1980 (see 1980 in music).